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불규칙 동사와 형용사 | Irregular verbs & adjectives of Korean

Korean Irregular verb & adjectives

기본 규칙 | The basic rule for regular verbs

  1. When a stem has ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’, attach the binding vowel ‘아’ to the stem.
  2. When its dictionary form is ‘N하다’, attach the binding vowel ‘여’ to the stem ‘N하-‘. FYI, the shorten form is ‘N해-‘.
  3. When a stem has the rest of the vowels, attach the binding vowel ‘어’ to the stem.

‘ㅡ’ 탈락 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with vowel ‘ㅡ’ and a vowel comes after the stem, it drops vowel ‘ㅡ’.
  • When there is a binding ending ‘-으’ coming after the stem, the sound of ‘ㅡ’ and ‘으’ are duplicated and the ending ‘으’ is omitted.

‘ㅂ’ 탈락 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with consonant ‘ㅂ’ and a vowel comes after the stem, it drops ‘ㅂ’ and then ‘우’ is attached.
  • When there is binding ending ‘으’ coming after the stem, the ending ‘으’ is omitted.

‘르’ 규칙 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with ‘르’ and a vowel comes after the stem, it drops vowel ‘ㅡ’ and then ‘ㄹ’ is attached.
  • When there is a binding ending ‘으’ coming after the stem, ‘으’ is omitted when written.

‘ㄹ’ 탈락 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem with ‘ㄹ’ in the end comes before endings that start with ‘ㄴ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㄹ’, the stem drops the last consonant(받침) ‘ㄹ’.
  • When endings that have binding ending ‘으’ attach to the stem, this ‘으’ is dropped.
  • When ‘-으러’ and ‘-으면’ are attached to the stem, the stem does not drops ‘ㄹ’. Only binding ending ‘으’ is dropped.

‘ㄷ’ 불규칙 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with consonant ‘ㄷ’ and a vowel comes after the stem, it drops ‘ㄷ’ and then ‘ㄹ’ is attached.

‘ㅅ’ 불규칙 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with consonant ‘ㅅ’ and a vowel comes after the stem, ‘ㅅ’ is dropped.

‘ㅎ’ 불규칙 동사와 형용사

  • When a stem that ends with consonant ‘ㅎ’ and a vowel comes after the stem, ‘ㅎ’ is drpped while vowel ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅓ’ is changed into ‘ㅐ’.
  • When the stem has vowel ‘ㅑ’ or ‘ㅕ’ with the same environment, the vowel is changed into ‘ㅒ’.
  • When the stem comes before endings that start with ‘ㄴ, ㅁ, ㄹ’, binding ending ‘으’ is dropped.

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