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Native Korean number & Basic counter | Korean Langauge for Beginners

Knowledge/Korean Grammar

by Teacher Joy 2022. 10. 11. 21:31

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The native Korean numbers are used in the following situations:

  1. to count real tangible things such as potatoes, cars, cups of coffee, books, fish and people.
  2. to express someone's age with the counter 살. (Sino-Korean is also possible here with the counter 세)
  3. to say the hour (o'clock)
  4. to count hours, months (also possible in Sino-Korean) and sometimes years (although the Sino-Korean system is more commonly used)

 

 

Counters that comes after the native Korean numbers

Unit being counted Counter Example
objects 사과 한 개
one apple
cups 커피 두 잔
two cups of coffee
something thin 종이 세장
three sheets of paper
book 책 네 권
four books
boxes;
cases
상자 사과 다섯 상자
five boxes of apples
bags 봉지 과자 한 봉지
one bag of snack food
bottles 맥주 두 병
two bottles of beer
vehicles;
appliances;
machines
자동차 세 대 three cars
냉장고 네 대 four refrigerators
기계 세 대 three machines
buildings 집 한 채
one house
animals 마리 고양이 한 마리 one cat
생선 한 마리 one fish
people 사람, 명, 분(honorific) 고객 한 사람 one customer
일본 사람 한 명 one Japanese person
선생님 한 분 one teacher
years of age 스무 살
twenty years old
times 두 번
two times; twice
kinds 가지 세 가지
three kinds

 

Korean Native number sheet.pdf
0.62MB

참고
Jaehoon Yeon and Lucien Brown(2011), Korean: A comprehensive Grammar, 86-88.
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