Particle '-도': 'also', 'too', 'as well'
도 cannot occur with the subject marker 이/가 or the object marker 을/를 - if 도 is used to mark the subject or object it must replace rather than occur alongside these markers/particles. 도 can be said to have the basic meaning: 'too', 'also', 'as well'.
As can be seen in the examples above, wheras corresponding English words such as 'too' and 'as well' tend to occur at the end of the sentence, the Korean 도 must always attach to the thing which is being stated in addition.
도 is also used in negative sentences, where English would use 'either' instead:
In it's 'too', 'also', 'as well' function, 도 often occurs twice in a sentence. This shows a kind of tandem agreement between noun phrases meaning 'both ~ and ~' (or 'neither ~ nor ~' in negative sentences:
도 may also appear twice in a sentence with two clauses(which are typically linked with '-고') in the meaning of 'both ~ and ~ too'(or 'neither ~ nor ~ either' in negative sentences):
Jaehoon Yeon and Lucien Brown(2011), Korean: A comprehensive Grammar, 146-148.
|Honorific speech | 한국어의 높임말 (0)||2023.02.28|
|-아/어 있다 & -고 있다 | Expressions of continuity (0)||2023.02.21|
|Korean Passives & Causatives / 한국어의 피동과 사동 (0)||2022.10.28|
|Korean Grammatical Terms / 한국어 문법 용어 (0)||2022.10.28|
|All about '되다' / '-게 되다' (0)||2022.10.24|