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Frequently used Korean adverbs / 자주 사용되는 한국어 부사

Knowledge/Translations & Expressions

by Teacher Joy 2022. 10. 28. 22:26

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Adverbs of Time

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
일찍 early
일단 once, first of all
갑자기 suddenly
(something was done) suddenly
어느새 before one knew it
냉큼 immediately
당장 immediately
얼른, 빨리 quickly, promptly, eagerly
즉시, 곧 quickly, promptly, eagerly, immediately
금방, 금세 instantly, at once
바로 at once, immediately, directly, straight, right, exactly
새로 newly
이미, 벌써 already
어제 yesterday 
오늘 today
그저께 the day before yesterday
내일 tomorrow
모래 the day after tomorrow
당일 the same day
동시에 simultaneously
한꺼번에 simultaneously, all at once
(to do something) completely, all at once
뜬금없이 all of sudden
마지막 the last
드디어 finally
결국 eventually
계속 continuously
당분간 for the time being
한참 for some time
슬슬 gradually, taking one's time
아직, 여태 still, so far, yet
여전히 still, as ever
아까 a while ago
just now
방금 just now
이제 now, from now on
지금 now

 

Adverbs of Frequency

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
평소(에) usually, ordinarily, always
항상, 언제나, 늘 always
계속 continuously
자꾸 often, incessantly, persistently
자주 often
수시로 frequently, often
가끔 sometimes
종종 sometimes, often
틈틈이 at spare moments
한때 once
절대(로) never, by no means

 

Adverbs of Degree

 

None

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
전혀 not at all
절대(로) never, absolutely not
도무지, 통 entirely, never (with negatives)

 

Not much

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
오직, 단 only
적어도 at least
그리, 그렇게, 그다지 not much (with negatives)
좀처럼 rarely, not easily (usually with negative expressions)
살며시 furtively, secretly
빠듯이 barely, narrowly
겨우 hardly
not much, less

 

Some

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
적당히 somewhat, adequately

 

A lot

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
more
흔히 commonly
fairly, much
(to rest) deeply, soundly
특히 especially
무척, 아주, 매우, 몹시 very
어찌나 so
훨씬 greatly, by far, much
first, most, very
유난히 especially
너무, 하도 too
깊이 deeply
워낙 originally, very, by nature
원래 originally, by nature
무려 as much as

 

Almost entirely

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
거의 almost
대충 roughly, in general

 

Entirely

한국어 (Korean) 영어 번역 (English translations)
완전히 completely
수없이 innumerably
온통 all, entirely
가득, 잔뜩 full
정성껏 with all one's heart
실컷 to one's heart's content, as much as possible
마음껏 to one's heart's content

 

<참고>
Laura Kingdon(2015), Essential Korean Grammar, Tuttle, 371-375.
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