겸, -을 겸, -을 겸 해서 / -cum-, with the combined purpose of
The dependant Sino-Korean noun 겸 is used to depict addtiona, combination, consurrence or dual purpose. It can occur first of all between two nouns.
Note that, unrelated to its use as a dependant noun, 겸 may also appear in Sino-Korean compound words such as 겸상(a table for two), 겸직(addtional work that is outside of your regular job), and 겸하다(to hold an additional position).
This pattern is applied when listing two or more joint purposes for performing a single action. This pattern can only appear with processive verbs.
|-ㄹ 겸 / -을 겸||만나다, 쇼핑하다, 읽다, 공부하다...||만날 겸
There is also a pattern '-을 겸 해서' with only one example listed, which is used to focus on one out of many. In this case it means that the speaker is choosing only one of two or more intentions to do something. This expression allow the listener to infer that the speaker has other intentions even though they are not explicitly stated. *It is most often used with the particle '도'.
강현화 외(2016), 한국어교육 문법 자료편, 한글파크, 467-468.
Jaehoon Yeon and Lucien Brown(2011), Korean: A comprehensive Grammar, 40, 392.
Laura Kingdon(2015), Essential Korean Grammar, Tuttle, 49, 95-96.
민진영 외(2011), Korean Grammar in Use Intermediate, Darakwon, 124-125.
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